Depression Treatment
Anorexia Nervosa
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Autistic Disorder
Bulimia Nervosa
Conversion Disorder
Delusional Disorders
Depersonalization Disorder
Dissociative Amnesia
Dissociative Fugue
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Down Syndrome
Female Arousal and Orgasmic Disorder
Gender Identity Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Male Erectile Disorder
Mental Retardation
Obsessive Compulsive
Pain Disorder
Panic Disorder
Personality Disorders
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Premature Ejaculation
Psychoactive Drug Abuse
Somatization Disorder
Tic Disorders


Characterized by a dependence on unusual behaviors or fantasies to achieve sexual excitement, paraphilias are complex psychosexual disorders. The imagery or acts may involve the use of inanimate objects (especially clothing), repetitive sexual activity that includes suffering or humiliation, or sexual behavior with nonconsenting partners. The DSM-IV recognizes eight types of paraphilias: exhibitionism, fetishism, frotteurism, pedophilia, sexual masochism, sexual sadism, transvestic fetishism, and voyeurism.

Some paraphilias that violate social mores or norms are considered sex offenses or sex crimes. However, everyone has sexual fantasies, and sexual behavior between two consenting adults that isn't physically or psychologically harmful isn't considered a paraphilia.

Little data exist on the prevalence of paraphilias in our society. Most people with paraphilias come to the mental health care system not because of their own distress but at the behest of their partners or legal authorities.


The specific cause of paraphilias isn't known, although several contributing factors have been identified. Many patients with these disorders come from dysfunctional families, characterized by isolation and sexual, emotional, or physical abuse. Others suffer from other mental disorders. such as psychoactive substance use disorders or a personality disorder.

Do paraphilias affect males, females, or both?

Paraphilias are primarily male disorders.


Paraphilias require mandatory treatment when the patient's sexual preferences result in socially unacceptable or harmful behavior. Depending on the paraphilia, treatment may include a combination of psychotherapy, behavior therapy, pharmacotherapy, and surgery. The effectiveness of treatment varies.

What can people do if they need help?

If you, a friend, or a family member would like more information and you have a therapist or a physician, please discuss your concerns with that person.


Home || Contact Us ||

(c)Copyright All rights reserved.

Disclaimer: is designed to help and support for people who have depression or are depressed. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or prevent any psychiatric, psychological or mental diseases. Always take the advice of professional health care for specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment. We will not be liable for any complications, or other medical accidents arising from the use of any information on this web site.