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Home :: Ethosuximide :: Adverse Effects

Ethosuximide Antidepressant : Zarontin

Brand Name : Zarontin

Ethosuximide (ESM) is used commonly as a first-line therapy for typical absence seizures occurring in primary generalized epilepsy syndromes. However, atypical absence is more common in the developmentally disabled population. Although ESM may be effective against atypical absence, the common association with other seizures (e.g., atonic, myoclonic, generalized tonic-clonic) that do not respond to ESM renders it a less-than-optimal choice for treating such patients.

Uses of Ethosuximide

  • Ethosuximide is a drug used to control seizures. It works by slowing down impulses in the brain that cause seizures.
  • Ethosuximide is used to treat absence or "petit mal" seizures.
  • Ethosuximide may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

How to Take Ethosuximide

  • Take ethosuximide exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
  • Take each dose of ethosuximide with a full glass of water.
  • Take ethosuximide with food to lessen stomach upset.
  • Measure the liquid form of ethosuximide with a special dose-measuring spoon or a cup not with a regular tablespoon to ensure that you measure the correct amount. If you do not have a dose measuring spoon, ask your pharmacist where you can get one.
  • It is important to take ethosuximide regularly to get the most benefit.
  • Do not stop taking this medication even if you feel better. It is important to continue taking ethosuximide to prevent seizures from recurring.

What are the Side Effects of Ethosuximide Medication

Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Dexedrine. More common side effects may include:

  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • blurred vision
  • stomach upset
  • loss of appetite
  • headache
  • hiccups
  • seizures
  • vomiting
  • weakness
  • joint pain
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • depression
  • skin rash

Warnings and precautions before taking Ethosuximide Medication

  • Before taking ethosuximide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to methsuximide; or if you have any other allergies.
  • This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain liver/blood problem (porphyria).
  • Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver problems, kidney problems, severe lung disease, anemia, low white blood cell counts, mental/mood disorder (e.g., depression, psychosis).
  • This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Use caution while driving, using machinery, or doing any activity that requires alertness. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Driving is usually not allowed by law if you have new or recent seizures.
  • Caution is advised when using this drug in the elderly because they may be more sensitive to the effects of the drug, especially the drowsiness/dizziness effects.
  • Caution is advised when using this drug in children because they may be more sensitive to the effects of the drug, especially the drowsiness/dizziness effects.
  • During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
  • This drug passes into breast milk. However, the risk of harm to the nursing infant is low. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

What drugs may interact with Ethosuximide Tablet

Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: phenytoin, valproic acid.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you also take drugs that cause drowsiness such as: certain antihistamines (e.g., diphenhydramine), medicine for sleep or anxiety (e.g., alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers (e.g., codeine), psychiatric medicines (e.g., chlorpromazine, risperidone, amitriptyline, trazodone).

What to do if you take Overdose of Ethosuximide ?

Seek emergency medical treatment if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of a ethosuximide overdose include:

  • confusion
  • slurred speech
  • stumbling or staggering walk
  • imbalance
  • drowsiness
  • unconsciousness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • tremor
  • low blood pressure and slow breathing.

How to Store Ethosuximide ?

Store at room temperature at about 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Brief storage at 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) is permitted. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.


 

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